Framecad Structure Procedures Overview

September 1, 2017 | Author: Mardonio Jiménez | Category: Framing (Construction), Installation (Computer Programs), Truss, Computer Aided Design, Windows 8.1
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FRAMECAD STRUCTURE Procedures Overview

FRAMECAD Structure Procedures Overview December 2015

Disclaimer This document has been published for the purpose of providing information of a general nature only. Further, no guarantee, warranty, or any other form of assurance is given as to the accuracy, currency or completeness of the information provided. Accordingly, any reliance on, or use, by you of any information contained within this document for any purpose whatsoever shall be entirely at your own risk, and any liability to you is expressly disclaimed to the maximum extent permitted by law. ALL INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. THIS DOCUMENT SUPERSEDES ALL PREVIOUS DOCUMENTS.

FRAMECAD® and the FRAMECAD® logo are trademarks of FRAMECAD Limited.

Intellectual Property Notice Reproduction of this document and all material included herein is prohibited, except with the prior written consent of FRAMECAD Limited. Copyright 2013 FRAMECAD Limited.

Confidentiality This document and all material included herein is confidential to FRAMECAD Limited and must not be disclosed to any other party or used to the detriment of or other than as authorised by FRAMECAD Limited. This document and all material included herein shall be returned to FRAMECAD Limited Immediately upon request.

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FRAMECAD Structure Procedures Overview December 2015

Contents Disclaimer

1

Intellectual Property Notice

1

Confidentiality

1

1

4

Installation and Setup 1.1

System Requirements ............................................................................................................ 4

1.2

Software Installation .............................................................................................................. 4

1.3

Software Licencing ................................................................................................................. 4

1.4

Software Startup .................................................................................................................... 5

1.5

Software Documentation ....................................................................................................... 6

2

Software Overview

7

2.1

Software Capabilities.............................................................................................................. 7

2.2

Software Operation ................................................................................................................ 8

2.3

Modelling Environments ........................................................................................................ 9

2.4

System Settings .................................................................................................................... 11

2.5

Framing Model Objects ........................................................................................................ 14 2.5.1

Layouts Space Objects. ......................................................................................................... 14

2.5.2

Detailing Space Objects ........................................................................................................ 18

2.6

3

Framing Functions and Outputs ........................................................................................... 21 2.6.1

Layouts Space ....................................................................................................................... 21

2.6.2

Detailing Space ..................................................................................................................... 24

Basic Procedures

25

3.1

Initial Job Setup Process ....................................................................................................... 25

3.2

Wall Detailing Process – Stage 1 .......................................................................................... 25

3.3

Truss Detailing Process ......................................................................................................... 27

3.4

Floor Joist Detailing Process ................................................................................................. 29

3.5

Wall Detailing Process – Stage 2 .......................................................................................... 30

4

Detailed Procedures

31

4.1

Tutorial example .................................................................................................................. 31

4.2

Job Setup .............................................................................................................................. 32

4.3

Building/Slab Layout Plan ..................................................................................................... 37

4.4

Wall Panel and Beam Input .................................................................................................. 42

4.5

Truss Input ............................................................................................................................ 51

4.6

Truss Detailing ...................................................................................................................... 61

4.7

Floor Joist Input .................................................................................................................... 66

4.8

Floor Joist Detailing .............................................................................................................. 71 ©2015 FRAMECAD Limited 2

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FRAMECAD Structure Procedures Overview December 2015

4.9

Final Wall Panel/Beam Design.............................................................................................. 73

4.10

Wall Panel and Beam Detailing ............................................................................................ 77

4.11

Other Commands ................................................................................................................. 79

5

Design Menu & Commands

80

6

Appendix A

84

6.1

Tutorial Drawing ................................................................................................................... 84

6.2

Tutorial Outputs ................................................................................................................... 85

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FRAMECAD Structure Procedures Overview December 2015

1

Installation and Setup

1.1

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS

FRAMECAD STRUCTURE is only supported on the following operating systems: 

1.2

MS Windows 7 / 8 / 8.1 / 10

SOFTWARE INSTALLATION

Important Note for existing FRAMECAD STRUCTURE 8.0 users: when changing from version 8.0 to 8.1, a full install is required prior to any future 8.1 upgrades as some installation directory locations and files have changed between the two versions. 1.

Download the FRAMECAD STRUCTURE Full Install installation file from the MyFRAMECAD website: http://my.framecad.com If version 8.1 has previously been installed, then the upgrade file can be downloaded and installed. Note: Access information for the MyFRAMECAD Customer website is provided on your software purchase. If you require further assistance contact the FRAMECAD Aftersales Team at [email protected] .

2.

Double click the file to launch the software installer. Follow the prompts on the installer software to complete the FRAMECAD STRUCTURE software installation.

3.

Allow a couple of seconds for the software to initialise (time will vary depending on your computer specifications). You will then see the following message appear in the bottom right corner of the program:

4.

Close the program, then re-open it. The STRUCTURE Software will be installed into the following directory: For 32-bit installation - C:\Program Files (x86)\FRAMECAD\FRAMECAD STRUCTURE directory For 64-bit installation - C:\Program Files \FRAMECAD\FRAMECAD STRUCTURE directory The STRUCTURE Data, Documents, and Libraries will be installed into the following directory: C:\ProgramData\FRAMECAD\FRAMECAD STRUCTURE NOTE: By default, the ProgramData directory is hidden by the MS Windows operating system. Should you wish to access this folder, you will have to go to your Folder Options (this can always be found in the Control Panel) and set the 'Hidden files and folders' option to: 'Show hidden files, folders and drives'.

1.3

SOFTWARE LICENCING

FRAMECAD STRUCTURE requires a valid security licence to operate. Typically this utilises a HASP hardware security device that is connected to a USB port on the computer. A HASP will contain a licence that includes a unique ID number and a licence expiry date (this license is updated each year upon renewal of your licence contract). As part of the installation process, the drivers for the HASP will be installed as well as a service that runs in the background that will monitor the status of any connected HASPs. Ensure that your security HASP is connected before starting the STRUCTURE software. ©2015 FRAMECAD Limited 4

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FRAMECAD Structure Procedures Overview December 2015

NOTE: A 30 day trial licence is automatically installed with the software. This licence enables full software operation with the exception of Printing and CNC export. The Status and Expiry Date of your software licence may be obtained by selecting the ‘Software Version’ option (VER) from the ‘Help’ Menu of the software (VER command).

1.4 1.

SOFTWARE STARTUP Launch the STRUCTURE program from the desktop shortcut (option to create during installation), or go to the Windows Start menu and select the execution shortcut: – All Programs – FRAMECAD - STRUCTURE - FRAMECAD STRUCTURE

The start menu also provides the following shortcuts: Release Notes

Latest updates to software

Uninstall FRAMECAD Structure:

Runs software uninstall application.

Manuals

2.

Engineering Basis:

Opens a pdf of the Engineering Manual.

Procedures Overview:

Opens a pdf of the User Manual.

Reference Guide:

Opens a web based guide to all the Structure commands.

Release Notes:

Opens a text file showing the latest software changes.

If for some reason the ‘Design’ menu or aliases do not appear or become corrupt, type DO_ONCE in the STRUCTURE Command line. This ensures that the CAD environment is set to the default values required for the User Operating System.

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1.5

SOFTWARE DOCUMENTATION

The following user documentation is provided with the software installation. 1.

FRAMECAD Structure Procedures Overview A PDF Manual covering Installation and Setup, Software Overview, Procedures for generating a Design, and a listing of Commands. This manual may be accessed through the Windows Start Menu, or the STRUCTURE software Help Menu

2.

FRAMECAD Structure Engineering Basis A PDF Manual providing a description of the Engineering function and the Engineering parameters of the FRAMECAD STRUCTURE software. This manual may be accessed through the Windows Start Menu.

3.

FRAMECAD Structure Reference Guide A HTML Manual providing a description of each FRAMECAD STRUCTURE Command.

A link to the FRAMECAD STRUCTURE Reference Guide can be found in the Help menu.

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2

Software Overview

2.1

SOFTWARE CAPABILITIES

FRAMECAD STRUCTURE is a software package for the Detailing and Engineering of light gauge cold formed steel framing (CFS). STRUCTURE has extensive CAD structural draughting functionality, plus a specialist CFS design module. The CAD and Design module operations are all fully integrated in the one interface to produce a whole building design. The capabilities of the CFS Design module are: Wall Panels - Wall layout tools - Automated frame panel detailer for specified framing system - Stud member engineering design for uniform roof, floor, and face wind loading - Top plate member engineering design for truss and floor joist loading - Wall header beam engineering design for uniform roof and floor loading - Wall bracing capacity calculator - Wind and seismic lateral load calculator - Component and Accessory Material Report generation - CFS Component CNC fabrication model generation and export Roof Trusses - Roof layout generator and tools - Automated truss frame detailer for specified framing system - Truss engineering design for uniform loading - Truss hold down load calculator - Component and Accessory Material Report generation - CFS Component CNC fabrication model generation and export Floor Joists - Floor layout generator and tools - Automated floor joist detailer for specified framing system - Component and Accessory Material Report generation - CFS Component CNC fabrication model generation and export

For more detailed information on the software capabilities, please read section 2 of the FRAMECAD STRUCTURE Engineering Basics manual. This can be found in the Windows Start menu: All Programs: FRAMECAD: Structure: Manuals.

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2.2

SOFTWARE OPERATION

FRAMECAD STRUCTURE software operates on the FRAMECAD IntelliCAD platform. The operation of STRUCTURE is CAD based. This means that the drawing operations and the command system of STRUCTURE will be familiar to users of common Windows based CAD software systems. However this also means that a basic knowledge of CAD operation is a requirement for the effective use of the software. It is recommended that users not familiar with CAD drawing receive some basic training in CAD by a professional training institute to supplement their FRAMECAD STRUCTURE training. FRAMECAD STRUCTURE is a menu based Windows program. The Main Menus are located along the top bar of the application windows. The steel design and detailing operations of the software are located in the STRUCTURE ‘Design’ Menu. Shortcut Tool bars may be activated as per standard for Windows and CAD software.

Software operations may also be run by entering a corresponding command Alias in the STRUCTURE Command Line, found at the bottom of the application. Detailers typically find the use of the command line to be the most efficient way to use the software. This document references a command alias in BOLD where applicable. A full list of Design module commands and aliases are provided at the end of this document. Should users wish to create additional aliases, this can be done through the IntelliCAD customization dialog box. This dialog box is located on the main down menus. To access this go ‘Tools’ > ‘Customize’, then select the ‘ALIASES’ tab on the top right hand end of the dialog box. For more information on this topic please refer to the IntelliCAD help files from the ‘Help’ menu.

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2.3

MODELLING ENVIRONMENTS

A FRAMECAD STRUCTURE CFS Building model is generated using three modelling space types: Users may move between the modelling spaces by selecting the relevant space Tab at the base of the drawings space (immediately above the command line).

Layouts Space: Used for drawing of layouts and generation of building model. Models are generated in a series of drawing borders, which may also be used as structural layout drawings. Model each sub-assembly in a separate border, e.g. for base slab, ground floor walls, first floor joist, second floor joists & roof trusses use 5 borders for layouts plus additional borders for layout details as required.

Model Space: Used to show 3-D Views of the Building Model for model review. Selected views from model space may be generated in Layouts space borders for presentation purposes.

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The 3D Model is generated from the Layouts and Detailing building Model using the Layout Structure 3D Command (S3D). NOTE: The Model Space will function as both the Layouts Space and the Model Space if the BSET command is run from the Model space.

Detailing Spaces: Used to display detail drawing sheets of each generated frame. Detailing Spaces and Detail Drawings are automatically created using the ‘To CAD’ option on the Frame Builder function forms; Wall Panels – PPD command, Roof Trusses – TTD command, Floor Joists – JJD command. The name of each space reflects the frame type; Truss, Floor and Panel (Users may manually edit these names – e.g. Ground Floor Walls). Multiple Detailing spaces are typically generated for a project, usually one for each sub assembly. Users may edit or annotate detailed frames and drawings as required prior to publishing. Changes to frame members made in the Detailing Spaces are captured in the building model and reflected in the Model and Layouts spaces NOTE: The auto generated Layout1 space is not used for the CFS model. It may be used for general CAD operations.

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FRAMECAD Structure Procedures Overview December 2015

2.4

SYSTEM SETTINGS

The STRUCTURE software generates a CFS building model for a user selected building system. The building system parameters are selected in four main setting forms - BSET, TSET, PSET, JSET (use command alias or select from menu: ‘Design’ > ‘Settings’). The STRUCTURE system settings must be reviewed and amended as required prior to the commencement of any Design project. The Framing Systems for the building are selected from the available range of System Data Files that have been specifically developed for the FRAMECAD manufacturing systems. It is essential that the user selects the System that is appropriate for their manufacturing systems. Consult your FRAMECAD software trainer or service staff on the correct choice

System Setting Commands: Border Settings (BSET): Sets overall project settings, including Project Information (Client Options), Units of Measurement (Sheet Options) and the Loading Code (Design Code). Note that the models unit type (Metric or Imperial) can only be modified the first time the BSET command is run. If Imperial Units are selected, the font in the BSET form changes to blue for easy recognition Selecting the Insert button on the BSET form initialises the project and generates the model layout borders. By default this command is run in the Layouts space. To generate borders in the Model space (if required) first select the Model space Tab before running the command. Once the layout borders have been inserted the location of the borders cannot be changed. It is, however, possible to add additional layout borders to the selected space by running the BSET command again.

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FRAMECAD Structure Procedures Overview December 2015

Panel Settings (PSET): Sets Wall Panel Framing System (Panel Information) plus a wide range of loading and geometry parameters

Truss Settings (TSET): Sets Roof Truss Framing System and Layout Form (Layout Options) plus a wide range of loading and geometry parameters

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FRAMECAD Structure Procedures Overview December 2015

Joist Settings (JSET): Sets Floor Joist Framing System (Member Information) plus a wide range of loading and geometry parameters

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FRAMECAD Structure Procedures Overview December 2015

2.5

FRAMING MODEL OBJECTS

The FRAMECAD STRUCTURE is built up from a series of Objects (CAD drawing entities programmed with a series of framing properites). Following is an overivew of the STRUCTURE model objects.

2.5.1

Layouts Space Objects.

A building model in a layout border is drawn as a series of 2D objects representing the plan view of the structural framing components (e.g. CFS Wall Panels, CFS Trusses). The framing objects are either drawn in the layout using CAD type drawing commands (select start and end point for the frame, or convert a drawn line to frame object) or are automatically generated using layout setout commands. The width of the frame object is automatically generated from the System settings. The Layouts Space objects are assembled into a building model by assigining spatial location parameters to the objects. 

Vertical (or elevation) location in the building model is determined by the objects Reduced Level (RL) This is set in the Settings forms, and may be amended for individual objects in the List Item (LI) forms.



Horizontal (or plan) location in the building model is determined by the location of the object relative to the drawing border Reference Point. A Reference Point is added to a border using the Reference Point Input (REF) Command. If no reference point is present in the border, then the building objects in the border will not be related to those in the other borders

Layouts objects are assembled into a building model for the following purposes: 

Loads calculated for Wall Engineering and force output will include loads from referenced Floors, Roof and other Wall Levels



Wall Frame Detailing considers referenced Floor and Roof objects (e.g. alignment of studs under trusses where specified).



The 3D model produced in Model Space shows that it is spatially accurate.

Layout Models Panels/Walls Panel (Wall) Layouts utilise 3 CFS framing object types. These objects can be engineered and detailed for CNC output: 

Panels (Wall Frames)



Beams (2 types; Deep C sections and Webbed frame sections)



Openings (Doors and Windows)



Ceiling Panels (Ceiling or Roof Frames)

Panel (Wall) Layouts also utilise 2 types of general structural objects (typically Structural Steel). These objects are added to the layouts so that the CFS framing objects are detailed to fit around these other structural components. They are not engineered or detailed. 

Beams



Posts

Individual walls are usually generated using the Panel Draw (PD) or Add (A) command, and then breaking the walls into managable size panels using member editing commands. Tip: Architectural wall layouts can be imported/inserted into layout drawings to provide a template for quick panel drawing.

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FRAMECAD Structure Procedures Overview December 2015

Panel Layouts can also include two Member Objects which are part of the detailed Wall Panel Frames (refer to Detailing Space Objects) 

Stud Members



Brace Members

Stud Members are automatically generated in wall frames after the walls have been built (PPD), or can be manually added using the Panel Stud Array (PSA) command. Brace Members are manually added using the Panel Insert Brace (PIB) command.

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Roof Truss Roof Layouts utilise 1 CFS framing object type. These objects can be engineered and detailed for CNC output: 

Truss (Truss, Rafter or Gable Frames)

Individual trusses are usually auto generated using the Truss Draw (TD) command, using a Roof Line outline. Hip, valley and ridge lines are generated using the Create Roof Lines command (CRL). A Roof layout command using templates, Roof Shape Input (RS), is also provided. Roof Truss layouts generally utilise non-structural line objects used for Roof truss model generation 

Roof Line – Roof oulines used as guides to define geometry of trusses



Support Line – Line representing roof support structure used to determine truss support locations

Floor Joists Joist Layouts utilise 1 CFS framing object type. These objects can be engineered and detailed for CNC output: 

Joists (Deep C Sections and Webbed Sections)

Individual joists are usually auto generated using the Joist Draw (JD) command. Floor Joist layouts also utilise non-structural line objects used for floor joist model generation 

Support Line – Line representing floor support structure used to determine joist support locations.

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Object Properties and Editing The properties of the layout objects may be viewed and edited using the List Item command (LI). This command will bring up an object dependant property form for the selected items. If multiple objects are selected, the LI form type will be populated as applicable for the first object in the selection. The LI command can be used to modify properites of multiple items of the same object type. Tip: To edit multiple items select one of the items individually, and then use a window select for the other objects (items which are not the same object type as the initial item will not be selected).

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2.5.2

Detailing Space Objects

Each Detailing space border contains the fabrication model for an individual framing object. The framing model is drawn as a series of 2D objects representing the elevation view of the component CFS framing sections (eg. Truss Cord and Web Members, Wall Plate and Stud Members). The member objects are typically auto generated by the Frame Builder functions. Additionally there is some provision to add or edit component members in the Detailing view using CAD type drawing commands. Panels Panel Details utilise 1 CFS framing object type for CNC output: 

CFS Member (Plate, Stud, Nog, Brace, Head, Head Web, Sill)

Panel Details also include 2 additonal CFS framing object types for BOM only: 

Strap Brace



Header Plate

Trusses Truss Details utilise 1 CFS framing object type for CNC output: 

CFS Member (Top Chord, Bottom Chord, Horizontal Chord, Rail, Web)

Truss Detail Drawings also utlise non-structural line objects used for Roof truss model generation 

Point load – Point representing user added point loads (uniform loads are auto generated)



Support Point –Point representing support locations

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Joists Joist Details utilise 2 CFS framing object types for CNC output: 

Webbed Joists CFS Member (Top Chord, Bottom Chord, Web)



Deep C Joist Member

Joist Detail Drawings also utilise non-structural line objects used for Roof truss model generation 

Support Point –Point representing support locations

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Special Objects All detail sheet models can also contain a number of other objects required for design or detailing 

Fixing Details – Auto generated member to member connections with design parameters (e.g. screw type and number, joint load)



Special Tooling – User Specified Tooling Operations (e.g. Service Holes); generated according to frame system settings, or manually added using the Explicit Tools (ET) command.

Detailing Object Properties and Editing The properties of the layout objects may be viewed and edited using the List Item command (LI). This command will bring up an object dependant property form for the selected items.

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FRAMECAD Structure Procedures Overview December 2015

2.6

FRAMING FUNCTIONS AND OUTPUTS

A number of Framing operations are available for each Model space and type. Following is a summary of the principal functions. For a detailed list of operations refer the ‘Detailed Procedures’ and ‘Menu and Commands’ sections.

2.6.1

Layouts Space

GENERAL FUNCTIONS Print Layout Drawings: Print (SP) – Print Selected Drawing Borders

Generate and Output Layout Reports: Report (REP) - Report a range of model properties (Framing Construction Accessories, Engineering Summary Outputs, Cladding Geometric parameters). Outputs vary for each sub-assembly type (Walls, Roof, Floor).

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WALLS Generate Bracing Design Load Report Drawings:Panel Calculate Bracing (PCB)

Detail and Engineer Panels: Panel Builder (PPD) – Engineering Design of Members, Detailing of Panels, Bill of Materials, Engineering Checks of Members, Engineering Reports, Generate Wall Detailing Spaces and Drawings.

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ROOF Generate Truss Uplift Plan: Truss Uplift Plan (TUP) – Produces a copy of truss layout plan showing maximum uplift forces at each support location. Detail and Engineer Trusses: Truss Builder (TTD) – Detailing of Trusses, Bill of Materials, Engineering Checks of Members, Engineering Reports, Generate Truss Detailing Spaces and Drawings.

FLOOR Detail Joists: Joist Builder (JJD) – Detailing of Joists, Bill of Materials, Generate Joist Detailing Spaces and Drawings.

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2.6.2

Detailing Space

GENERAL FUNCTIONS Print Layout Drawings: Print (SP) – Print Selected Drawing Borders

Generate and Output Material Reports: Report (REP) - Report a range of frame material reports. Outputs vary for each frame type (Panel, Truss, Joist).

Export CNC Fabrication File: CNC – Export Detailed frames to CNC format file for fabrication. Detail and Engineering Builder: PPD, TTD, JJD – Individual frames can be sent to the applicable Frame Builder form from the Detailing Sheets. This allows users to access information from the Builder for a frame which has been manually edited in the Detailing Space. NOTE: When the Frame Builder (TTD, PPD, JJD) commands are used from the Layouts space, any Detailing space frame edits are not included – this essentially allows users to rebuild from the specified Settings parameter values. If the Frames are then amended in the Frame Builder, or sent ‘To Cad’, any earlier models of the frame will be overwritten and the Detailing space manual edits will no longer be part of the Layouts model.

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3

Basic Procedures

Following is the recommended procedure for generating a FRAMECAD STRUCTURE building model. Important Note: Never open FRAMECAD STRUCTURE by double clicking on an existing job file, as certain predefined items will not be recognised by the program. The program must be opened first and then the job should be opened from within the program.

3.1 

INITIAL JOB SETUP PROCESS Start new layout drawing – N (New). NOTE: Never start a new job from an architects dwg or dxf.



Set project information, units, and design code and insert borders as required – BSET (Border Settings) NOTE: BSET is the most important step in the creation of a job and MUST be implemented before proceeding any further with this program. Failure to create BSET borders will render the job inoperable as software intelligence is imbedded into each border.



Check truss settings – TSET o



Check wall settings – PSET o



Standard Default Systems: FRAMECAD_FT_m (metric) or FRAMECAD_FT_i (imperial)

Standard Default Systems: FRAMECAD_FT_m (metric) or FRAMECAD_FT_i (imperial)

Check floor settings – JSET o

3.2

Standard Default Systems: FRAMECAD_FT_m (metric) or FRAMECAD_FT_i (imperial)

WALL DETAILING PROCESS – STAGE 1



Create building outline using the Polyline command (P) and/or layout templates command (RS).



Input wall frames - ADD or PD (Panel Draw)



Code wall frames - LI (List) if walls are not already coded on input.



Edit frames: o

MC – Cut Member

o

MX – Cut Crossing Members

o

MF – Fillet Members

o

ME – Extend Member

o

ML – Lengthen (or Shorten) Member

o

MO – Offset Member

o

MR – Member Reverse

o

MT – Trim Member

o

MJ – Join Member



Check walls - IC (Integrity Check)



Dimension walls: o

DA – Aligned Dimensions

o

DH – Horizontal Dimensions

o

DV – Vertical Dimensions ©2015 FRAMECAD Limited 25

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o

DM – Linear Dimensions

o

DO – Ordinate Dimensions

o

DL – Dimension Lines

Add openings: o

ADD – Opening Option

o

UW – User defined Window

o

UD – User defined Door

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3.3

TRUSS DETAILING PROCESS

This process is to be carried out prior to the final wall coding. 

Re-check truss settings – TSET



Using the Polyline tool, draw an outline around the building on the wall framing plan then copy or move the outline to the next available blank border. Alternatively, use a roof template (RS). The RS (Roof Shape) command can be used in instance where walls are not included or ‘truss only’ plans (this option is generally used for demonstration purposes).



Offset polyline to create the eaves line.



Code building line – SL (Support Line)



Code eaves line – RL (Roof Line)



Add balance of roof lines – CRL (Create Roof Lines)



Detail truss blocks using the Truss Layout Input command – TD (Truss Draw)



Rebuild truss eaves – TRE (Truss Rebuild Eaves)



Edit truss layout: o

MB – Cut off end or break into two.

o

C – Copy

o

IP – Inherit Properties

o

M – Move

o

MO – Offset

o

MR – Member Reverse

o

SE – Special Erase



View, Print or Export a csv from the Truss Layout Report – REP (options included are Truss Accessories, Engineering Status and Truss Uplift Reactions).



Export to Truss Builder – TTD



Check trusses using Next and Previous options or click on the Check button.



To change a trusses properties, double click on the truss label in Truss Builder.



‘Select All’ and transfer ‘To CAD’ (goes to 'Truss' detailing space).



Check all detailed trusses as required – VR (Initial View) & VV (Next View)



Check engineering and amend trusses as required – TTD (double click on the truss name to edit parameters or update engineering)



Edit truss elevations: o

ADD – Add chords, webs or rails

o

AS – Add Support

o

BM – Box Member

o

CM – Code Member

o

IW – Insert Web

o

MI – Mirror Web

o

TPL – Truss Point Load

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View, Print or Export a csv from the Truss Usage Report – REP (options included are various material summary reports and Engineering Status).



Create xml file – CNC



Go back to ‘Layouts’ space



Add truss accessories report to plan – TOA



Add truss uplift plan – TUP



Dimension trusses as required – DO, DA, DH, DV



Go to second stage of wall panel detailing or floor joist detailing now that the truss loads can be transferred.

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3.4

FLOOR JOIST DETAILING PROCESS



Re-check floor joist settings – JSET



Code floor joist support lines – SL (Support Line)



Create floor outline – P (Polyline), or copy outline from wall layout.



Input floor joists – JD (Joist Draw)



Add individual joists – ADD



Edit joists: o

MB – Shorten a joist to a line or break a joist into two.

o

C – Copy

o

M – Move

o

MO – Offset

o

MR – Member Reverse

o

LI – List



Check joists – IC (Integrity Check)



View, Print or Export a csv from the Floor Layout Report – REP (options included are Member, Sheet, Batten and Accessories Reports).



Insert reference markers - REF



Export to the Joist Builder - JJD (If deep C joists are being detailed go straight to CNC to create xml file)



Check joists using Next and Previous options or click on the Check button.



To change a joists properties, double click on the joist label in the Joist Builder.



‘Select All’ and transfer 'To CAD’ (goes to 'Joist' detailing space)



Check all detailed joists as required - VR (Initial View) & VV (Next View)



View, Print or Export a csv from the Floor Usage Report – REP



Create xml file – CNC



Go back to ‘Layouts’ space



Add joist accessories report to plan if required – JOA



Dimension joists as required – DO, DA, DH, DV



Go to second stage of wall panel detailing now that the joist loads can be transferred.

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3.5

WALL DETAILING PROCESS – STAGE 2

Note: Make sure truss and floor layouts have been completed before proceeding with this stage of the Wall Detailing Process as roof and floor loads must be applied to the walls (see Truss Detailing Process and Floor Joist Detailing Process). Note: Bracing should not be inserted until the ‘Reference Points’ stage is complete. This is because for the bracing calculations to be accurate, the applied loads must all be known. 

Insert reference markers on each layout plan – REF



Make any changes to frames then amend – LI



Build frames in layout – PUA



Add bracing to wall frames – PCB or PIB (Panel Calculate Brace / Panel Insert Brace)



Label all walls and beams – LA



Check walls – IC



Add on-page reports as required: o

OR – Design Report

o

POS – Panel Summary

o

POB – Beam Summary

o

POO – Opening Summary

o

POP – Post Summary

o

POA – Accessory Report



Create bracing plan as required – PCB



View, Print or Export a csv file from the Panel Layout Report – REP. Options include Openings, Reactions, Loads, Accessories and Statistics reports (Statistics report includes bottom plate lengths, wall surface square areas, wall perimeters and hold down quantities).



Export to Wall Builder – PPD



Check panels using Next and Previous options or click on the Check button.



‘Select All’ and transfer 'To CAD’ (goes to 'Panel' detailing space).



Check all detailed wall panels as required - VR (Initial View) & VV (Next View)



View, Print or Export a csv file from the Panel Usage Reports – REP



Create xml file – CNC



Go back to ‘Layouts’ space

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4

Detailed Procedures

4.1

TUTORIAL EXAMPLE

This tutorial is based on an architectural drawing that can be found in section 6.1 below. A DWG of the same tutorial that can be used to trace over can be found in the directory C:\ProgramData\FRAMECAD\FRAMECAD Structure\Training\Tutorial Layout Template.dwg. Tutorial parameters 

Units = metric



Loading design code = NASH AS 2010



Wind speed = N2



Wall height = 2420mm



Trusses = 600mm centers



Truss overhang = Outriggers



Joists = 450mm centers



Roof load = Sheet

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4.2 1.

JOB SETUP Start a new job (N). A new job will open with focus on a ‘Layouts’ space. NOTE: Never start a new job from an architects dwg or dxf. Also, never open FRAMECAD STRUCTURE by double clicking on an existing job file, as certain pre-defined items will not be recognised by the program. The program must be opened first and then the job should be opened from within the program.

2.

Go to the Border Setup (BSET). NOTE: BSET is the most important step in the creation of a job and MUST be implemented before proceeding any further with this program. Failure to create BSET borders will render the job inoperable as software intelligence is imbedded into each border.

3.

Edit the job details and border quantities in the ‘Client Options’ section. One border per level of walls, trusses and joists. Provide additional borders as required for each level of wall bracing plan, roof truss uplift plan, slab or sub-floor plan, and construction details.

4.

In the ‘Sheet Options’ section, set the sheet size, scale and drawing units (metric or imperial).

5.

In the ‘Design Codes’ section, ensure the design code settings are appropriate for the project location.

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6.

Click on 'Insert'. (Note: The Layouts space will automatically zoom to the the first border, View ‘1’).

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7.

Go to Truss Settings (TSET) to set required roof properties. Truss settings should be completed before the wall settings as the wind and roof loads for the walls are picked up from here. a)

Ensure the correct System is selected. FRAMECAD_FT_m is the standard data file for metric use and FRAMECAD_FT_i is the standard data file for imperial use. One of these data files must be used unless instructed otherwise by FRAMECAD.

b) Change the Model if the Default model is not being used. c)

Ensure the correct wind and snow loads are selected.

d) Ensure the correct roof loads are selected. e)

Review all other parameters.

f)

After changes have been made to the settings, you can save these for future use by holding down the 'ALT' key and clicking on 'System*'. These settings will be saved to a user defined data file which can be updated at any stage by repeating the above procedure.

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8.

Go to Wall Panel Settings (PSET) to set required wall properties. a)

Ensure the correct System is selected. FRAMECAD_FT_m is the standard data file for metric use and FRAMECAD_FT_i is the standard data file for imperial use. One of these data files must be used unless instructed otherwise by FRAMECAD.

b) Change the Model if the Default model is not being used. c)

Review other parameters.

d) After changes have been made to the settings, you can save these for future use by holding down the 'ALT' key and clicking on 'System Name*'. These settings will be saved to a user defined data file which can be updated at any stage by repeating the above procedure. e)

If you wish to have different settings applied to different framing models, then hold down the 'ALT' key and click on 'Current Model*'.

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9.

Go to Joist Settings (JSET) to set required floor joist properties. a)

Ensure the correct System is selected. FRAMECAD_FT_m is the standard data file for metric use and FRAMECAD_FT_i is the standard data file for imperial use. One of these data files must be used unless instructed otherwise by FRAMECAD.

b) Select the correct Model. This will populate the Joist and Side Bearer types then revert back to ‘Select’. c)

Ensure correct floor loads are selected.

d) Review other parameters.

e)

After changes have been made to the settings, you can save these for future use by holding down the 'ALT' key and clicking on 'System Name*'. These settings will be saved to a user defined data file which can be updated at any stage by repeating the above procedure.

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4.3

BUILDING/SLAB LAYOUT PLAN

1.

Go to the first border (View A) by typing ‘V’ Enter, ‘1’ Enter.

2.

Ensure snaps are turned on. Useful snaps at this stage are Endpoint and Intersection

3.

Draw the outline of the building by using a Polyline (P) to create. Make sure building is centralised as much as possible within the border. See 6.1 Tutorial Drawing at the back of this tutorial for dimensions.

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4.

Use the Copy command (C) to copy the outline to View 2 (use to lay out the wall frames), and View 3 (use to lay out the trusses). Use Escape key or press enter to exit the copy command.

NOTE: Ensure the outline is copied to the exact same location within each border using the copy by base point option. This is to ensure loads are transferred correctly when the reference markers are placed. Use a corner of each border as the base point.

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5.

Alternatively you can import an architect’s dwg or dxf to trace around using a polyline (P). A Tutorial drawing file can be found in the directory C:\ProgramData\FRAMECAD\FRAMECAD Structure\Training\ Tutorial Layout Template.dwg. Note: Never start a new job from an architects dwg or dxf. ALWAYS start from a newly generated drawing or template.

6.

Open this file then select the layout by dragging a fence across the drawing using your mouse. Ctrl+C to copy the drawing, then Ctrl+Tab to the required drawing file, then Ctrl+P and click on an insertion point to paste the architect’s layout into border 2 (this is the border that will be used for the wall framing input). Move the layout to the most appropriate location as close to the centre as possible.

7.

Place the architectural layout onto a toggle layer (or Temp_Layer) by typing LX then selecting the layout.

8.

Use LT to toggle the reference layer off and on as required.

9.

Draw around the outline of the building by using a Polyline (P).

10. Type LT to toggle the Temp_Layer off.

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11. Save the file in a folder named for the project.

12. In View 1, use the Line tool (L) to draw any diagonal lines required to represent slab diagonal measurements.

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13. Dimension lines (DL) on View 1 as required for Slab Layout. Use Quick Text (QT) to place plan label 'Slab Setout Plan'.

...SAVE THE JOB...

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4.4

WALL PANEL AND BEAM INPUT

1.

Change to View 2. To do so type ‘V’ Enter, ‘2’ Enter. LT to turn reference layer on if hidden.

2.

Using the input command ADD (A), select the ‘Wall’ option.

3.

Click on ‘Settings’ to go to the PSET if initial settings need to be changed. Save or Cancel to go back to the ADD dialogue.

4.

Check and change any ‘General Values’ as required. Note: Settings under the ‘Other Values’ section are only relevant if there is no roof truss or floor joist layouts which would otherwise automatically add loads when referenced.

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5.

Wall Creation Method 1 (By Lines): a)

Under ‘Options’, select ‘Creation Method: By Lines’ then click on ‘Create’.

Tip: Double clicking on a property will automatically change to the next value option. b) Select the polyline then click on the side of the line for the wall placement.

c)

If lines are present instead of polylines, these can be used for wall placement individually.

d) Walls input using this method will already be coded if ‘Code as you go: True’ is selected. e)

Use the Member Fillet (MF) command to tidy up any unresolved wall intersections.

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6.

Wall Creation Method 2 (By Points): a)

Under ‘Options’, select ‘Creation Method: By Points’ then click on ‘Create’.

b) Select the start point and end point of the wall, then the direction (or side of line) to place the frame.

c)

This option can be set to code the walls on input.

d) The Panel Draw (PD) command also inputs walls by points.

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7.

Wall Creation Method 3 (By Rectangles): a)

Use the Panel Draw (PD) method. Type R for rectangle input. This method is useful when tracing walls over an imported dwg or dxf plan (see Layers under Other Commands).

b) Create a rectangle by first clicking on one internal corner of a room then the opposite corner of the room. Walls will automatically be placed on the outside of this rectangle. Walls in subsequent rooms will automatically merge with existing walls.

c)

If walls need to be placed inside the rectangle, hold the ALT key down when selecting the first corner point.

d) By default, walls input using this method will not be coded.

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8.

Edit the walls using the following editing commands Menu location - Design | Editing: o

C – Copy

o

MF – Member Fillet. First click indicates lapping frame

o

ME – Member Extend. Extends to another wall frame in either a positive or negative direction.

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9.

o

IP – Inherit Properties

o

MJ – Member Join. Joins contiguous panels/members together

o

M – Move

o

MC – Member Cut. Cuts a panel at a specified point

o

MI – Mirror

o

ML – Member Lengthen. Lengthens or shortens by a given amount. Enter the distance, select the member or members and right click to activate change. The end of the member closest to that selected will be modified.

o

MR – Member Reverse

o

MX – Member Crossing. Auto adjusts panels or members crossing over each other.

o

MO – Offset. Offsets by inside dimension i.e. dimension distance between walls.

o

MT – Trim. Select cutting edge first then click on section to trim.

Listing the panels (LI -List) will take you to the 'Panel Coding Editor' for non-coded panels or the 'Panel Properties Editor' for coded panels.

10. When listing non-coded panels - defines the initial values such as member type (Panel or Beam), panel usage (Load Bearing, Structural Only or Non-Load Bearing), wind load, frame height, base level and other settings. Click on 'Code As'. 11. When listing coded panels, more options become available to change including the option to convert a panel to a beam or visa-versa.

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12. Dimension wall layout as required: o

DA – Dimension Aligned between first 2 selected points

o

DM – Linear Dimensions between selected members. In Settings, ‘Dimension with Width: True’ will dimension the width of the selected members; ‘Dimension with Width: False’ will dimension to the centre, front edge or rear edge as set in the member parameters.

o

DH – Dimension Horizontally between selected points

o

DV – Dimension Vertically between selected points

13. Place doors and windows (ADD - Opening). a)

Select User Defined Window or User Defined Door and click on ‘Create’ to start input (double clicking on the option will also work). Alternatively type UW or UD.

b) To edit the window head height, type ‘H’ and change.

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c)

To change any other settings, type 'S' for Setup.

14. Insert the initial Reference Marker (REF) within the Wall Framing Layout border. Ideally this should be placed at the lower left hand corner of the building.

Note: reference markers may not work if they lie outside of a border. 15. At this point you should perform an Integrity Check (IC) on the frames to ensure that no major problems exist. Correct panels over maximum length using Member Cut (MC) at internal walls where possible, or between openings when no internal walls exist or use Auto Break (PAB) to automatically break panels (this will only break walls at wall junctions within the Maximum Panel Length value). ©2015 FRAMECAD Limited 49

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16. Label wall frames (LA).

Note: The label is placed on the side of the wall that it is viewed from when in the elevation view. 17. Generally, external walls should be viewed from the outside of the building. Check which side the label is on and reverse (MR – Member Reverse) any panels as necessary. 18. Frames are also viewed from left to right when looking at them in elevation view. To find the left hand end of a frame, use the SHOW command. Use the MR – Member Reverse command to change the starting end if required. 19. To rake wall frames, use the Rake Wall (PRA) command. Firstly, ensure that the walls to be raked are set to the height from where they are to be raked from. Select the walls that are to be raked (this can include walls that are parallel to the rake). Select two points that define the base line of the raking plane, then select the direction of the rake. Enter the rake pitch in degrees. 20. If required, use the Stud Array (PSA) command to insert a series of studs at given spacings along a wall either by entities or between two points or to input a single or back to back stud. 21. If required, use the Stud Copy (PSC) command to copy studs from one level to another. This is useful when studs need to line up through multiple levels of walls. 22. Quick Text (QT) to label plan, Main Wall Frame Layout. Note: While in this command go through the text box and label all borders, this will make it easier to know what plan you are working on. You should also note that bracing should not be inserted until the ‘Reference Points’ stage is complete. This is because for the bracing calculations to be accurate, the applied loads must all be known.

...SAVE THE JOB...

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4.5

TRUSS INPUT

1.

Change to View C. To do so type ‘V’ Enter, ‘3’ Enter.

2.

Go to Truss Settings (TSET) to set required roof properties. a)

Ensure the correct System is selected. FRAMECAD_FT_m is the standard data file for metric use and FRAMECAD_FT_i is the standard data file for imperial use. One of these data files must be used unless instructed otherwise by FRAMECAD.

b) Select roof load. c)

3.

Review other parameters.

Offset the polyline on View C by the eave dimension using Offset (O).

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4.

Convert the eave polyline into Roof Lines using Code Roof Line (RL). Eave lines should appear dashed blue.

5.

Convert the wall polyline into Support Lines using Code Support Line (SL). Support lines should appear solid orange.

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6.

Create Hip, Valley and Ridge lines using Create Roof Lines (CRL) by selecting Roof Blocks on the Eave Lines (Blue lines only).

Select roof type as hip ‘H’ enter and saddle ‘S’ enter

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Select roof type as hip ‘H’ enter and hip ‘H’ enter

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7.

Create the Truss Layout using Truss Draw (TD) by selecting Roof Blocks on the Support Lines (Orange Lines only). To create half trusses, type M for more options and select Half Gable or type HG at the Roof Type selection.

8.

Manually edit truss layout as required. Menu location - Design | Editing: o

MB – Member Break. Breaks a truss or multiple trusses into two along a line or cuts back the length of a truss or multiple trusses to a line.

o

C –Copy.

o

M –Move.

o

MO – Member Offset.

o

MR – Member Reverse

o

SE – Special Erase, select a single truss then right click to delete all (see Design | Miscellaneous in menu).

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9.

If additional trusses need to be inserted, draw a line at the truss location then create a truss using the ADD command to code the line as a truss.

10. To edit a truss after it has been placed, use List (LI) to bring up the truss properties. 11. Label Trusses using Label (LA).

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12. Insert a Reference Point (REF) in EXACTLY the same place in the border as it was placed on the wall framing layout.

Remember – reference markers must not be placed outside a border.

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13. Dimension trusses: o

DO – Ordinate Dimensions

o

DA – Aligned Dimensions

o

DH – Horizontal Dimensions

o

DV – Vertical Dimensions

o

DM – Linear Dimensions

14. Add On-Page Reports as necessary. o

OR – Design Summary; lists design factors used (Data file, Wind Loadings, etc.)

o

TOA – Accessory Summary; lists required accessories.

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15. View, Print or Export a csv from the Truss Layout Report – REP (options included are Truss Accessories, Engineering Status and Truss Uplift Reactions)

16. Use Quick Text (QT) to label plan - Roof Truss Layout. 17. Create a Truss Uplift Plan (TUP). Ensure the truss plan is centrally focused on the screen. Start the command then click within the destination border.

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Alternative Input Option: Use the following procedure for a quick input of pre-defined roof shapes and trusses (this is generally used for demonstration purposes): a)

Use the Roof Shape Input (RS). A dialogue box will appear displaying a number of different pre-defined roof shapes.

b) Select the required roof shape and change any of the other parameters as required. c)

Select ‘Create’. Length and width of block segments are displayed in the command bar and can be altered by the user at any stage if required.

d) If ‘Include Roof Trusses’ has been ticked, the trusses will be placed automatically according to the TSET settings and the roof type selected. e)

Use the Copy Roof (RCR) command to copy layout to other borders if required.

...SAVE THE JOB...

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4.6

TRUSS DETAILING

1.

Trusses can now be exported from Layout space to Truss Detailing space through the Truss Builder (TTD). From within the Truss Builder you can check individual truss fabrication elevations, bill of materials reports, engineering diagrams and engineering results and scan through the trusses before exporting.

2.

Double click on the truss name in the left hand column of the Truss Builder to edit any parameters if required.

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3.

Click on ‘Select All’ and then ‘To CAD’ to export trusses. A new Detailing space tab is created labelled ‘Truss.1’.

4.

Check all detailed trusses as required: o

View Restore (VR) to view first drawing.

o

Next View (VV) to scroll through drawings.

Note: To find a specific truss use FIND.

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5.

If a truss fails, more information can be obtained in the Truss Builder (TTD). Ensure the truss is centred on the screen first. Type ‘V’ then truss border number to centre it.

6.

To see where the member is failing in wire frame view, go to the Engineering tab in Truss Builder.

7.

Change parameters as required by double clicking on the truss name in the left column of the Truss Builder. Make changes, Amend, and then Update.

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8.

Use the following commands as required for editing: Menu location - Design | Trusses | Detail o

AS – Add Support. TTD and click on ‘Update’ to re-engineer.

o

BM – Box Member. Automatically updates engineering. Hold ‘Alt’ to add reinforced box member in LC (Other axis) orientation

o

CM – Code Member. Code a line as a chord, web or rail. Automatically updates engineering.

o

ADD – Add chord, web or rail.

o

IW – Insert Web. For inserting webs. Automatically updates engineering.

o

TPL – Truss Point Load. For adding a specific point load to a truss. Automatically updates engineering.

Menu location - Design | Editing o

MB – Member Break. Breaks a member or multiple members into two along a line or cuts back the length of a member or multiple members to a line.

o

C – Copy

o

ME – Extend

o

IP – Inherit Properties

o

MJ – Join. Joins contiguous members together

o

M – Move

o

MC – Member Cut. Cuts a member into two at a specified point. Hold ‘Alt’ to splice truss members in detailing view.

o

MI – Mirror

o

ML – Member Lengthen. Lengthens or shortens member by a given amount. Enter the distance, select the member or members, right click to activate change. ©2015 FRAMECAD Limited 64

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o

MR – Member Reverse

o

MS – ReSquare Member

o

MO – Offset

o

MT – Trim. Select cutting edge first then click on section to trim

Menu location - Design | Miscellaneous o

LI – List Truss Properties - Change Truss Rotation, Steel type and Reports.

o

SE – Special Erase. For deleting webs.

Menu location - Design | Trusses o 9.

TTD and click on ‘Update’ to re-engineer.

View, Print or Export a csv from the Truss Usage Report – REP (options included are various material summary reports and Engineering Status).

10. Create FRAMECAD Solutions XML Interchange file (CNC). This will be created in C:\Users\username\Documents\CNC. 11. Go back to Layout. 12. S3D – To generate 3D frames. This is placed in the ‘Model’ space. Use S3D for whole job or T3D for trusses only.

13. VV – To view in 3D (Recommended view: go to View | Visual Styles in the menu and select 3D Hidden). 14. Go to View | Plan View in menu and enter to revert back to the plan view. 15. S3D again to turn off 3D frames. ...SAVE THE JOB... ©2015 FRAMECAD Limited 65

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4.7

FLOOR JOIST INPUT

1.

Pre-requisite: Lower and upper wall frame layouts completed.

2.

Make sure there is a border for the joist layout, if not, create it using BSET.

3.

Trace outline of lower level load bearing walls (preferably polyline), including centreline of any internal loadbearing walls and move outline and other relevant lines into the Joist Layout border. Make sure it is in the identical location in the joist layout border.

4.

Code the lower level outline and centrelines as support lines (SL).

5.

Trace outline of upper floor area to include joists using a polyline and move into Joist Layout Border so that it super-imposes over the ground level support lines.

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6.

Check the FRAMECAD Joist-Calc on MyFRAMECAD website to establish required depth and spacing of webbed joists.

7.

Set up floor joists accordingly – JSET. Change Bearer Types to ‘None’ where not required.

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8.

Detail joists (JD) by selecting the polyline (or all sides of a block if not a polyline). It will then ask for the setout point and direction of the joists.

9.

Repeat previous step until all joists are placed. Use ADD - Joist to input individual members.

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10. If any editing is required you can use the follow commands: o

MB – Member Break. Breaks a joist or multiple joists into two along a line or cuts back the length of a joist or multiple joists to a line.

o

C – Copy

o

M – Move

o

MO – Offset

o

MR – Member Reverse

o

LI – List

11. Check joists – IC (Integrity Check) 12. View, Print or Export a csv from the Floor Layout Report – REP (options included are Member, Sheet, Batten and Accessories Reports).

13. Insert reference marker – REF

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14. Go to the Joist Builder (JJD) to check Bill of Materials and Stud Design reports and to perform an initial check of joists prior to exporting. Note: If deep ‘C’ joists are being detailed, the xml file must be created from the layout using the CNC command. You do not need to build these joists, so the JJD step is not required.

...SAVE THE JOB...

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4.8

FLOOR JOIST DETAILING

1.

Joists can now be exported from Layout space to Detailing space through the Joist Builder (JJD). From within the Joist Builder you can check individual frame fabrication elevations and bill of materials and scan through frames before exporting.

2.

Check panels using Next and Previous options or by clicking on the Check button.

3.

Click on ‘Select All’ and then ‘To CAD’ to export joists. A new Detailing space tab is created labelled ‘Floor.1’.

4.

Check all detailed joists as required: o

View Restore (VR) to view first drawing.

o

Next View (VV) to scroll through drawings.

5.

Editing commands can be used on the joists members if required.

6.

View, Print or Export a csv from the Floor Usage Report – REP

7.

Create FRAMECAD Solutions XML Interchange file (CNC). This will be created in C:\Users\username\Documents\CNC.

8.

Go back to 'Layout' space

9.

Dimension joists: o

DO - Ordinate Dimensions

o

DA - Aligned Dimensions

o

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o

DV - Vertical Dimensions

o

DM – Linear Dimensions

10. Add Accessory Report (JOA) if required.

11. Go to the next stage of wall panel detailing now that the joist loads can be transferred.

...SAVE THE JOB...

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4.9

FINAL WALL PANEL/BEAM DESIGN

Note: Make sure truss and floor layouts have been completed before proceeding with this stage of the Wall Detailing Process as roof and floor loads must be applied to the walls (see Truss Detailing Process and Floor Joist Detailing Process). Note: bracing should not be inserted until the ‘Reference Points’ stage is complete. This is because for the bracing calculations to be accurate, the applied loads must all be known. 1.

Once the truss and floor joist detailing has been completed, the following procedures can then be undertaken.

2.

In the ‘Wall’ detailing space, select View 2 - the Framing Layout. To do so type ‘V’ Enter, ‘2’ Enter.

3.

Ensure that the reference markers are in place – REF.

4.

Panel Auto Break (PAB) to automatically break panels at optimum frame junction locations only while taking into account the maximum wall length setting. Note: If the distance between junctions is greater than this length, no break will occur along this section of wall.

5.

Panel Update All (PUA) to update all stud placements and wall engineering.

6.

Panel Calculate Brace (PCB) to see how much bracing is required in each direction. Look at shortage figures. Always ensure the wall framing plan being calculated is in focus on the screen when using this command.

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7.

Click on ‘Insert Brace’ or use the command - Panel Insert Brace (PIB) to insert braces. Return for Setup to set required Brace Type. Check PCB periodically to see remaining amount of bracing requirements in each direction. Add more bracing until shortage figures read zero in both directions.

8.

Panel Calculate Brace (PCB) to create a Bracing and Racking Resistance Plan. In the PCB form, go to Bracing Detailing options and double click on ‘Create Bracing Plan’ to change to True then click on ‘Save/Insert’. Select an empty border to create bracing plan.

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9.

Panel Calculate Brace (PCB) to create an Opening Uplift Plan. In the PCB form, go to Bracing Detailing options and double click on ‘Create Uplift Plan’ to change to True then click on ‘Save/Insert’. Select an empty border to create uplift plan.

10. These plans are automatically titled. 11. Switch to View 2. 12. Integrity Check (IC) to ensure no problems exist. 13. Panel Update All (PUA) if stud locations need to be updated at any stage.

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14. Add On-Page Reports as necessary. o

OR – Design Report

o

POS – Panel Summary

o

POB – Beam Summary

o

POO – Opening Summary

o

POP – Post Summary

o

POA – Accessory Report

15. View, Print or Export a csv file from the Panel Layout Report – REP. Options include Openings, Reactions, Loads, Accessories and Statistics reports (Statistics report includes bottom plate lengths, wall surface square areas, wall perimeters and hold down quantities).

16. Go to the Panel Builder (PPD) to check Bill of Materials and Stud Design reports and to perform an initial check of panels prior to exporting. ...SAVE THE JOB...

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4.10

WALL PANEL AND BEAM DETAILING

1.

Walls and beams can now be exported from ‘Layouts’ space to ‘Wall’ detailing space through the Panel Builder (PPD). From within the Panel Builder you can check individual frame Fabrication elevations, Bill of Materials and Stud Design reports and scan through frames before exporting.

2.

Click on ‘Select All’ and then ‘To CAD’ to export wall panels and beams. A new detailing space tab is created labelled ‘Panel.1’.

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3.

Check all detailed panels as required: o

View Restore (VR) to view first drawing.

o

Next View (VV) to scroll through drawings.

4.

Extra explicit tool (ET) operations can be added at this stage if required.

5.

View, Print or Export a csv file from the Panel Usage Reports – REP

6.

Create FRAMECAD Solutions XML Interchange file (CNC). This will be created in C:\Users\username\Documents\CNC. Note: PPD hides a number of layers in the original layout drawing. This is done to allow a site plan to be printed which is uncluttered and only shows wall locations. If you wish to turn these layers back on, use Layer Show All (LS) to make them visible again or go to the Visual Control (VC) dialogue box to turn on the required layers. S3D to see completed structure

...SAVE THE JOB...

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4.11

OTHER COMMANDS

Printing Layouts Type SP, and then select the appropriate printer, orientation and paper size. Select the print method – Selected Borders, Selected Window, Auto Borders or Current Screen then click on ‘GO’ to print. Select ‘Cad Print’ to go to the standard CAD print dialogue box.

Panel/Walls P3D – 3D panels only. PBN – Bath Nog. PDC – Ceiling Panel Input. PFB – Opening to Brick. Allows and opening to be placed at specified brick module distances from a defined location. PLB – Laps a beam over the end or side of a wall frame by a given distance. PSN – Special Noggin. PST – Create a panel stack in an empty border for transportation purposes. Height of stack = width of the truck if panels are stacked vertically.

Trusses CTH – Convert to Hexagonal End. Converts the rectangular end of a building to a hexagonal end with equal sides. FIND – Enter a label name to find truss on the plan. T3D – 3D trusses only. TRE – Rebuild Eaves. If truss eaves overhangs have been deleted, this command will rebuild them.

Floor Joists FD – Tool used to input a complete floor system including piles, bearers, joists, and flooring. FSD – Floor Sheet Draw (inputs a floor sheet layout). J3D – 3D joists only. JSV – Section View. Create a cross section view of a joist layout.

Miscellaneous ID – Insert Detail

Layers Show All Layers – LS Add a temporary layer – LX, LX1 (also used to add items to the temporary layer). An architect’s plan is usually used as a temporary layer to be able to trace the detailed plan over. Toggle temporary layer on or off – LT, LT1

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5

Design Menu & Commands

Design: Export Machine File Software Version Structure Print Wall/Beam/Posts/Opening/Joist/Truss Input

CNC VER SP ADD

Settings: Border Setup Floor Settings Panel Settings Truss Settings

BSET JSET PSET TSET

Panels/Walls: Bath Nog Calculate Bracing Ceiling Panel Input Insert Brace Lap Beam Load Path Opening Input Opening to Brick Panel Auto Break Panel Builder Panel Input Panel Rake Panel Stack Show Brick Show Heights Special Noggin Stud Array Stud Array Copy Update All User Defined Door User Defined Window

PBN PCB CD PIB PLB LP ADD PFB PAB PPD PD (or ADD) PRA PST SB SH PSN PSA PSC PUA UD UW

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Trusses: Code Member Code Roof Line Code Support Line Convert to Hexagonal End Create Roof Lines Point Load Rebuild Eaves Roof Shape Input Truss Builder Truss Layout Input Truss Uplift Plan

CM RL SL CTH CRL TPL TRE RS TTD TD TUP

Joists: Code Support Line Floor Sheet Input Floor System Wizard Joist Builder Joist Layout Input Section View

SL FSD FD JJD JD (or ADD) JSV

Editing: Add Support Box Member Break Member Copy Member Crossing Member Cut Member Extend Member Fillet Member Inherit Properties Insert Web Join Member Lengthen Member Mirror Member Move Member Offset Member Re-Square Member Reverse Member Special Erase Trim Member

AS BM MB C MX MC ME MF IP IW MJ ML MI M MO MS MR SE MT

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Miscellaneous: Explicit Tool Find Item Insert Detail Integrity Check Label List Item Layer show all Layer add temporary (Architect plan) Layer toggle Quick Text Input Reference Point Revision Cloud Show Orientation Steel Profiles

ET FIND ID IC LA LI LS LX LT QT REF REV SHOW SS

Dimension: Aligned Dimension Horizontal Dimension Line Dimension Linear Dimension Ordinate Dimension Vertical Dimension

DA DH DL DM DO DV

Reports: Beam Summary On Page Joist Accessories On Page Opening Summary On Page Panel Accessories On Page Panel Summary On Page Post Summary On Page Summary On Page Truss Accessories Report

POB JOA POO POA POS POP OR TOA REP

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View: Go To View… Initial View Layout 3D Joist 3D Panel 3D Truss 3D Make View Next View Next 3D View

V VR S3D J3D P3D T3D VM VV VV

Layer Control: Current Layer Erase Layer Freeze Layer Isolate Layer Layer Show All Temp Layer Add Toggle Temp Layer On/Off Visual Controls

LC LE LF IL LS LX, LX1 LT, LT1 VC

Help: Structure Reference Guide Structure Procedures Overview Manual Software Version

VER

Refer to the Structure Reference Guide for more detailed information on each command.

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6 Appendix A 6.1

TUTORIAL DRAWING

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6.2

TUTORIAL OUTPUTS

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